Ramekin is thought to come from a Dutch word for "toast" or the German for "little cream."




Name

Ramekin

Variant

Ramequin, Ramekin dish.

Pronounced

(ramə kin)[RAM-ih-kihn]ræməkin

Function

English Noun

Plural

Ramekins

Hypernym

A type of dish

Purpose

Cooking

Etymology

French Ramequin from Low German ramken, diminutive of cream, circa 1706. middle Dutch rammeken (cheese dish) dialect variant of rom (cream), similar to old English ream and German rahm. Ancient French cookbooks refer to ramekins as being garnished fried bread.


Meaning

1. A food mixture, (casserole) specifically a preparation of cheese, especially with breadcrumbs and/or eggs or unsweetened pastry baked on a mould or shell.

2. With a typical volume of 50-250 ml (2-8 oz), it is a small fireproof glass or earthenware individual dish similar in size and shape to a cup, or mould used for cooking or baking and serving sweet or savoury foods.

3. Formerly the name given to toasted cheese; now tarts filled with cream cheese.

4. A young child usually between the ages of 3 months and 11 years exhibiting a compulsion to force or "ram" their head into various objects and structures.

These days, a ramekin is generally regarded as a small single serve heatproof serving bowl used in the preparation or serving of various food dishes, designed to be put into hot ovens and to withstand high temperatures. They were originally made of ceramics but have also been made of glass or porcelain, commonly in a round shape with an angled exterior ridged surface. Ramekins have more lately been standardized to a size with a typical volume of 50-250 ml (2-8 ounce) and are now used for serving a variety of sweet and savoury foods, both entrée and desert.

They are also an attractive addition to the table for serving nuts,dips and other snacks. Because they are designed to hold a serving for just one person, they are usually sold in sets of four, six, or eight. Ramekins now are solid white, round, with a fluted texture covering the outside, and a small lip. Please bear in mind that whatever you ask for them on Internet auction sites, someone is still getting the same thing in an op shop for peanuts.

However, there are hundreds of decorative ramekins that came in a variety of shapes and sizes. They came in countless colours and finishes and many were made by our leading artists and ceramicists. My collection has ramekins with One handle only, fixed to the body at one point only. If it has no handle, it is a bowl. If it has two, it is a casserole dish. But the glory day of the Australian Studio Art ramekin is well and truly over. See some here, ask questions or leave answers.

P.S. Remember, just as real men don't eat quiche, real ramekins don't have lids or two handles. Also remember, two handles makes it a casserole dish. Also, please note If it aint got a handle, it's just a bowl.

P.P.S. To all you cretins who advertise your ramekins by associating them with "Eames" or "Eames Era". Get your hand off it, you are not kidding anyone. The Eames people have told me that they never made ramekins.

P.P.P.s To all the illiterates out there in cyberspace, just as there is no "I" in team, there is no "G" in Ramekin. I am the Rameking, they are ramekins.

If you have a set of Grandma's ramekins at the back of a kitchen cupboard, have a look through the site, maybe you will identify them. Thank-you for looking.

There are many of you out there that have knowledge of Australian pottery. Please let me know if you have anything that I can add to the notes. It is important to get the information recorded. You probably know something that nobody else does.

Please note that while your comments are most welcome, any that contain a link to another site will no longer be published.

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Thursday, January 24, 2013

Terra Ceramics



Designer        
Bernhard Fiegel
Maker
Terra Ceramics
Marks
Incised initials “TC” to base
Material
Slip
Description
Abstract fish shaped dish with flat tab handle.  Shallow bowl with oval footring.  Spur marks to base, green gloss glaze to entire body.
Condition
Very Good, no chips, cracks or crazing
Number
No number
Production Date
!980s
Width at rim
118mm
Width at Base
65mm
Depth
40mm
Length (with handle)
195mm
Weight
190gm
Volume
325ml
Acquisition
Purchase
Australian Pottery at Bemboka
November 2012
Rameking Reference Number
TEC 001-006




Designer        
Bernard Fiegel
Maker
Terra Ceramics
Marks
Gold and Black Adhesive label to centre of bowl interior “Terra Ceramics Ovenproof” around outside with “Terra”vertically to right of interior and outline of vase to left with large letter “T” separating them.
Material
Glazed white slip
Description
Gloss brown glazed bowl with moulded stem handle to top edge of exterior.  Unglazed foot ring.  Darker glaze to rim.
Condition
Very Good
Number
No Number
Production Date
1980-81
Width at rim
130mm
Width at Base
62mm
Depth
53mm
Length (with handle)
190mm
Weight
275gm
Volume
375ml
Acquisition
Naomi Fiegel 8th January 2014
Rameking Reference Number
TCE 001-006




Designer        
Bernard Fiegel
Maker
Terra Ceramics
Marks
Incised TC to base
Material
Glazed blue slip
Description
Called "Bermagui Blue" by Bernard, one piece gloss blue glazed to interior and exterior bowl with slightly curled moulded tab handle to top edge of exterior.  
Condition
Very Good, spur marks to interior of foot ring
Number
No Number
Production Date
1980-81
Width at rim
140mm
Width at Base
75mm
Depth
40mm
Length (with handle)
165mm
Weight
210gm
Volume
325ml
Acquisition
Naomi Fiegel 12th February 2014
Rameking Reference Number
TCE 006-012


Bernhard Fiegel was born in Germany on the 1st January 1919. He arrived in Darwin by air, 8th November 1939 as a stateless person. Moving to Paddington, Sydney, where he enlisted for service in Australia during World War 2 having become an Australian citizen in October 1945.  A Ceramicist, he began teaching pottery at Ingleburn in the Australian Convalescent Depot, working with Guy Boyd, after Boyd had worked as an Army cartographer with John Perceval.  Fiegel was a Dutch-trained potter and ceramicist and was a Jewish immigrant whose family had fled Germany at the beginning of WW2. 
Thanks to Bernard's daughter Naomi for this photograph of him.
In 1946, following his discharge, he set up a ceramics business in Ashfield, Sydney, (he lived at 81 Bland Street Ashfield with Erna Fiegel his mother) who helped as a factory hand) later moving to Greenacre. Bernhard was previously married to Marianne Leonie Fiegel, but was divorced in March 1952.  He later married Jean May Stocker Gunn.  He had two children, Paul and Naomi.  Marianne went into nursing.  He produced a variety of ceramic wares using the brand Terra Ceramics”.   Terama was the name of a floral pattern.  He continued production until the early 1980s. These fish shape ramekins are an example of the elegant simplicity of his later work.  Fish shaped pottery was popular in Australia during the 1950s and 60s, more so in the state of New South Wales, with Diana pottery at Marrickville producing many ramekins with a fish design.




In 1981 Bernhard died, but twelve months earlier he had started negotiations with Trugrit Manufacturing Ltd to have his product made in NZ under licence. A new company "Terra Ceramics NZ" was formed using the same raw materials and clay body. They then shipped all of their moulds and other machinery over to Aukland in containers. This new company was run by Mr Ernie Cooper, a qualified Ceramist.



The new company was located at 18 Copsey Place, Rosebank Rd, Avondale, Auckland. H.Hemara, now the elder statesman of New Zealand pottery was working there when the crates containing the moulds were opened in New Zealand. Moulds for Terra were later produced at the Henderson pottery. Initially, the company used the same stickers but later changed them to read Terra Ceramics, New Zealand. Hemara is still making pottery along with his son Paul. So is Terra Ceramics New Zealand.



Thanks to Bernard's daughter Naomi for this photograph of a display of Terra Ceramics 1953..

3 comments:

  1. Just an aside Rameking ... I think that photo of the exhibition was taken by Jack Hickson at Anthony Hordern's on August 15, 1955. There are another 12 photos here: http://trove.nla.gov.au/work/38825551?q&sort=holdings+desc&_=1463195891127&versionId=51555676

    It may be that Naomi had the date incorrect or that the State Library is in error. Or am I wrong?

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  2. Thanks for a wonderful and enlightening post on TERRA CERAMICS and BERNHARD FIEGEL !!!!

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  3. I have come up with an address for the pottery in Greenacre : The corner Oleander St and Roberts Rd Chullora. The phone number gave it away: Tel. UA3641. An Ashfield number but from 1954 the same number was used to advertise for employees at the new address : "BOY Wanted for Art Pottery Int work gd cond Oleander St Cnr Roberts Rd Chullora UA3641" ( SMH - Saturday 2 October 1954 p 36 ).

    ReplyDelete